Census discovery

Previously Unknown Mayoff Descendant Found in
1920 and 1930 US Census

by Art Mayoff (original posting date unknown)


Only one Mayoff family in 1930 US census?

A search of the complete 1920 and 1930 US census has only revealed one Mayoff family in all of the United States.  Discovering only one Mayoff family is disappointing and raises a number of questions.

  • Is the Index of Surnames accurate*?
  • Were any missed?
  • If there were others, why were they not enumerated?
  • Does anyone have any evidence of Mayoffs living in the US in 1920 and/or 1930? If yes, please contact us.

[*Accuracy is questioned as an entry for a George Mayoff and family, immigrating from Australia, appears.  A closer look at the handwriting shows unreadable characters in the name, which the Indexer has attempted to interpret.]

Content of the 1930 census enumeration form

(An image of the entry as it appears in the 1930 census, including the top and bottom of the enumeration page, appears below.  To open it in a new window click here.)

Comments in [brackets] are added for clarity purposes by Art Mayoff.

State:  New York
County:  Bronx
Block No:  I [The letter I]
Enumeration District No:  3-241
Supervisor’s District No:  25
Enumerated by:  Mrs. Ray [unreadable]lekowitz [possibly Hirshkowitz]

PLACE OF ABODE:
[Number shown is the Column Number and in some cases is followed by additional info and then finally followed by the handwritten enumerated entry.  The specific data for these fields is not shown in the portion of the image below, but appears at top of column on actual document]

1)  Street or Avenue:  Dawson Street
2)  House Number:  819
3)  Number of Dwelling House in order of visitation:  15
4)  Number of Family in order of visitation:  290

NAME of each person whose place of abode on April 1, 1930, was in this family. Omit children born since April 1st.
[information about each of the three occupants is color coded in this explanation for clarity.  It does not appear in the census form.]

5)  Mayoff Solomon [in blue]
5)  Rose [in red]
5)  Sarah [in green]

RELATION of this person to the head of the family

6)  Head
6)  Wife
6)  Daughter

HOME DATA

7)  Home Owned or Rented:  R [for Rented]
8)  Value of home if owned, or Monthly rental if rented:  53 [$53 per month rent]
9)  Radio Set:  – No entry [enter “R” if yes, make no entry for families having no radio set]
10) Does this family live on a farm? [no entry]

PERSONAL DESCRIPTION

11)  Sex
M
F
F
12-Color or Race
W
W
W
13-Age at last birthday
45
42
11
14-Marital condition
M
M
S
15-Age at first marriage
21
18
[no entry]

EDUCATION

16)  Attended school or college any time since Sept 1, 1929
No
No
Yes
17)  Whether able to read and write
Yes
Yes
Yes

PLACE OF BIRTH  Place of birth of person and parents of each person enumerated.  If born in the United States, give the State or Territory.  If foreign birth, give the country of birth.

18) PERSON  19) FATHER  20) MOTHER
Russia  Russia  Russia
Russia  Russia  Russia
New York  Russia  Russia

MOTHER TONGUE (OR NATIVE LANGUAGE) OF FOREIGN BORN

21)  Language spoken in home before coming to United States
Yiddish
Yiddish
[no entry]

CODE For office use only.  Do not write in these columns.  [The meaning of the office codes in columns A, B, C and D has no importance to genealogical researchers.  You can read a short explanation appears here.]


A)  State or M.T.
35
35
56
B)  Country
19
19
19
C)  Nativity
V
V
O or D [not quite readable]

CITIZENSHIP

22)  Year of immigration to the United States
1906
1906
[no entry]
23)  Naturalization of alien
No
No
[no entry]
24)  Whether able to speak English
Yes
Yes
Yes

OCCUPATION AND INDUSTRY
OCCUPATION

25)  Trade, profession or particular line of work as spinner, salesman, riveter, etc.
Business  [I believe this to mean that they owned their own business- see line “D” and 27 below.]
Business
[no entry]

INDUSTRY

26)  Industry or business, as cotton mill, dry goods store, shipyard, public school, etc.
Laundry
Laundry
[no entry]

 

CODE (For office use only. Do not write in this column) [The meaning of this office code follows the entry.  For additional info, click here.]

D-
7298
7298
[no entry]
[ 72=Owners, operators, and proprietors (manufacturers)  98=Cleaning, dyeing, or pressing shop]

 

Class of Worker  [For all persons for whom an occupation is reported in Col 25.]

27)  Class of Worker
E  [The meaning of this code is “Employer”]
E [The meaning of this code is “Employer”]
[no entry]

EMPLOYMENT  Whether actually at work yesterday (or the last regular working day)

28)  Yes or No
Yes
Yes
[no entry]

Lines 29-32: [No entries]


Additional information about the 1930 census.

Here is the pertinent part of this enumeration page.

portion of this 1930 census page

You can view the full 1.1MB page on which this record appears here.